FAQ

For all aditional questions please contact us on office@torlak.rs


    Bacteriological Diagnostics



    1. When are patients recommended for autovaccine therapy?
    Show answer
    Candidates for autovaccine therapy are the patients with frequent bacterial infections of urogenital system, skin and some respiratory mucous membranes, who have had bad reactions to the usual antibiotic therapy or who are allergic to numerous antibiotics.

    2. How long does it take to manufacture autovaccine?
    Show answer
    Clinically significant bacterial isolates, identified in our lab, are included in the process of producing immunomodulatory therapeutic autovaccine which lasts between 8 and 10 weeks.

    3. Can autovaccine have side effects?
    Show answer
    Autovaccine does not have any significant side effects, it is well tolerated, comfortable for application and it does not exclude other required therapeutic procedures.

    4. Are there cases when autovaccine is not applicable?
    Show answer

    Autovaccine cannot be applied in patients with active tuberculosis, malignancy and autoimmune processes.



    Allergological Analysis



    5. Is any patient preparation required prior to coming for allergological tests?
    Show answer

    Prior to coming for testing, it is preferable that you do clinical allergology tests (skin tests) at the allergology department in the clinical centre as per the referral from your physician.

    Besides your presence, we also need to draw a small sample of your blood. Light breakfast is permitted.


    6. Is it necessary for the patient to be present or can the blood sample be sent?
    Show answer

    When the patient is not able to come in person, the blood (3-5 ml of venous blood) or serum obtained by blood centrifugation (minimum 1 ml of serum, observing cold chain principles) can be delivered to the Institute with the professional assistance. These samples can be delivered to the Institute's lab every working day until 13:00.


    7. Can I do allergy tests if I am already receiving a therapy?
    Show answer
    Therapy does not affect in vitro test findings, which is the advantage of in vitro allergy diagnostics. For the allergy tests that include skin testing, which are not performed in "Torlak" but preferably in a clinical centre as per your physician’s referral, the therapy needs to be interrupted for 3 to 5 days.


    Testing Immunological Causes of Infertility



    8. Is any patient preparation required prior to coming for infertility testing?
    Show answer

    In order to prepare for the test, the patients are to abstain from sexual intercourse for three days, due to sperm sample collection. Light breakfast is recommended, since venous blood is drawn.


    9. What is the diagnostic procedure for infertility test like?
    Show answer

    A sample of venous blood is drawn from both partners and tested, while the man also gives a sperm sample. The sperm sample is produced on the Institute site. If you are from Belgrade, you can bring your sample from home (the sample should be collected into a sterile urine container, in the morning prior to coming to the Institute). As a part of this investigation, bacteriological examination of sperm is also done (spermoculture and antibiogram). Note: Spermogram is not done.



    Lactic Acid Bacteria Preparations



    10. Can Liobif® be given to babies?
    Show answer

    Liobif® in ampoules is intended primarily for babies from birth to three years of age. Dissolve the ampoule content in a small amount of boiled and cooled water, and feed it to the baby in a teaspoon between meals. See the dosage and administration details for prematurely born babies, newborns and infants provided in the product’s patient information leaflet.


    11. Does Liobif® help with baby cramps?
    Show answer

    Yes, it does help - apply half of Liobif® ampoule twice a day between meals while the baby is having cramps.



    12. Can pregnant women use Liobif®?
    Show answer

    Yes, pregnant women can use Liobif®  both in the tablet and ampoule form. Due to the absence of additives and gluten, pregnant women are recommended to use Liobif® Liobif ampoules.


    13. Can adults also use Liobif® in ampoules?
    Show answer

    Yes. Liobif® ampoules are for persons of all ages.


    14. Can Liobif® be stored outside the refrigerator?
    Show answer
    Yes - store it in a dry place. At room temperature, Liobif®preserves its properties for 4 months, so it should be used during that time interval. By returning Liobif® to the refrigerator, its shelf-life cannot be prolonged.

    15. Can Liobif® be used concurrently with antibiotics?
    Show answer
    Yes. The list of antibiotics to which Liobif®is insusceptible is provided in the product’s patient information leaflet. Liobif® can be used with these antibiotics.

    16. Can persons with diagnosed celiac disease or diabetes use Liobif®?
    Show answer

    Liobif® is gluten-free, so it is recommended for use in persons suffering from celiac disease. Due to the presence of small quantities of sugar in Liobif® ampoules and tablets, persons suffering from diabetes should exercise caution.


    17. Can Liobif® be used as prevention in maintaining health status of the organism?
    Show answer
    Yes. The length of time for using Liobif®as prevention is unlimited. Since Liobif® ampoules do not contain additives, they can be used continuously throughout life.

    18. Are there any conditions when Liobif® should not be used?
    Show answer
    Persons hypersensitive to the product’s ingredients, persons with severely damaged immunological resistance (AIDS, neutropenia, transplantation) and persons who have had extensive bowel surgery should not use Liobif®.


    Virological Diagnostics



    19. Does the patient need to be present for virological testing or can the blood sample be sent?
    Show answer
    Only health centres send the patients` sera samples by courier/driver from clinics or from the provinces. The patients for whom the analysis is performed at their personal request or by submitting the physician’s referral, and are able to come to Institute, need to come in person.

    20. Is any patient preparation required prior to coming for virological testing?
    Show answer

    No preparation is required - a blood sample is drawn from the patient by venipuncture. Prior to having their blood drawn for virological testing, the patients can take therapy, liquid and light breakfast.


    21. How long does it take from taking the sample to issuing virological test results?
    Show answer
    For all virological tests, except for Coxsackie virus tests, it takes 7 to 10 days.

    22. How long does it take from taking the sample to issuing Coxsackie virus test results?
    Show answer
    It takes 2 to 3 weeks.

    23. Is it possible to get the Coxsackie virus test results by postal mail?
    Show answer
    The results are sent by postal mail only to the patients from the provinces. The patients from Belgrade pick up the results in person or somebody can pick up the results on their behalf by showing the patient’s health insurance card.


    Neutralization Test for Coxsackie B Virus



    24. Does the patient need to be present for virological testing or can the blood sample be sent?
    Show answer
    Only health centres send the patients` sera samples by courier/driver from clinics or from the provinces. The patients for whom the analysis is performed at their personal request or by submitting the physician’s referral, and are able to come to Institute, need to come in person.

    25. Is any patient preparation required prior to coming for virological testing?
    Show answer

    No preparation is required – a blood sample is drawn from the patient by venipuncture.

    Prior to having their blood drawn for virological testing, the patients can take therapy, liquid and light breakfast.


    26. How long does it take from taking the sample to issuing virological test results?
    Show answer
    For all virological tests, except for Coxsackie virus tests, it takes 7 to 10 days.

    27. How long does it take from taking the sample to issuing Coxsackie virus test results?
    Show answer
    It takes 2 to 3 weeks.

    28. Is it possible to get the Coxsackie virus test results by postal mail?
    Show answer
    The results are sent by postal mail only to the patients from the provinces. The patients from Belgrade pick up the results in person or somebody can pick up the results on their behalf by showing the patient’s health insurance card.